By Morris Halle
An Essay on rigidity offers a common idea for the characterization of the tension styles of phrases and words encountered within the languages of the global. the guts of the speculation is constituted by means of the formal mechanism for characterizing "action at a distance", that's a unique case of the formalism wanted for the development of constituent structure.Morris Halle is Institute Professor at MIT. Jean-Roger Vergnaud is Professor of Linguistics on the collage of Maryland and Senior Researcher on the Centre nationwide de l. a. Recherche Scientifique and the Centre d'Etudes et de Recherche en Informatique Linguistique in France.
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Additional info for An Essay on Stress (Current Studies in Linguistics)
This notation deviates from the standard way of representing nested constituent structure, which draws all the parentheses on the line of terminals. Thus, for the cases under discussion, the standard notation would be the one 46 47 shown in (78). (78) a. b. The notation in (77) is clearly equivalent to the standard notation displayed in (78). For reasons of perspicuity, we shall use the notation illustrated in (77) instead of the standard notation. The configurations illustrated with Maranungku and Warao are quite common in the languages of the world.
10) 57 58 Kiparsky (1973) also drew attention to the stress pattern of Komi, which is the mirror image of that in (6). (11) Stress falls on the first syllable that has a full vowel, but in words where all syllables have only reduced vowels, stress falls on the last syllable. This stress pattern is readily accounted for by a set of rules identical with those in (7), except that constituents on line 0 must be right-headed and those on line 1 must be left-headed. 2 Since few of the languages exhibiting stress pattern (6) have been investigated in depth, it is conceivable that some of them indeed have secondary stresses that were overlooked in the published descriptions.
13 These facts provide support for the assumption that has been fundamental to the approach outlined here, that stress patterns are a by-product of metrical constituent structure. The data in (58) and (59) show that, as postulated by our theory, there is a definite link between a head and the immediately adjacent nonhead element on one of its sides. This result constitutes a direct challenge to alternative theories like that of Prince (1983) in which the existence of metrical constituents is explicitly denied.
An Essay on Stress (Current Studies in Linguistics) by Morris Halle