By Judith N. McArthur
In 1861, James B. Griffin left Edgefield, South Carolina and rode off to Virginia to soak up accountability with the accomplice military in a method that befitted a Southern gentleman: on a fine-blooded horse, with slaves to attend on him, trunks, and his favourite looking puppy. He used to be thirty-five years previous, a filthy rich planter, and the landlord of sixty-one slaves whilst he joined Wade Hampton's elite Legion as a huge of cavalry. He left in the back of seven teenagers, the eldest simply twelve, and a spouse who was once 8 and a part months pregnant. As a box officer in a prestigious unit, the possibilities for reputation and glory appeared unlimited. Griffin, despite the fact that, played no bold acts, nor did he motivate nice loyalty in his males. as a substitute, he unknowingly supplied a different and priceless portrait of the accomplice officials who shaped the center of Southern political, army, and company management. In A Gentleman and an Officer, Judith N. McArthur and Orville Vernon Burton have accumulated 80 of Griffin's letters written on the Virginia entrance, and through later postings at the South Carolina coast, to his spouse Leila Burt Griffin. striking of their breadth and quantity, the letters surround Griffin's whole Civil battle provider, detailing dwelling stipulations and army maneuvers, the jockeying for place between officials, and the various methods officials and enlisted males interacted in the course of the Civil battle. not like the memories and biographies of high-ranking, famous accomplice officials or reports and edited collections of letters of individuals of the rank and dossier, this assortment sheds mild at the lifetime of a center officer--a lifestyles became the wrong way up via severe army problem and complex additional via the ongoing desire for reassurance approximately own valor and standing universal to males of the southern gentry. In those letters, Griffin describes mystery troop events in a number of army activities resembling the Hampton Legion's function within the Peninsula crusade (details that may definitely were censored in additional contemporary wars). the following he relates the march from Manassas to Fredricksburg, the siege of Yorktown and the retreat to Richmond, and the battling at Eltham's touchdown and 7 Pines, the place Griffin commanded the legion after Hampton was once wounded. all through, as Griffin recounts those such a lot remarkable of instances, he illuminates the main traditional of daily concerns. One may well look forward to finding a accomplice officer meditating on slavery, emancipation, or Lincoln. as a substitute, we're faced via easy humanity and straightforward matters, from the elements to gossip. huge ancient occasions intruded on Griffin's existence and despatched him off to warfare, yet his heartfelt concerns have been approximately his relatives, his group, and his personal own satisfaction. eventually, Griffin's letters current the Civil struggle because the refinery, the ordeal by way of fireplace, that confirmed and verified--or modified--Southern upperclass values. With a desirable blend of army and social heritage, A Gentleman and an Officer strikes from the start of the Civil struggle at castle Sumter during the finish of the conflict and Reconstruction, vividly illustrating how the problems of the Civil battle have been right away devastatingly nationwide and revealingly neighborhood.
Read Online or Download A Gentleman and an Officer: A Social and Military History of James B. Griffin's Civil War PDF
Best paleontology books
In 1980, the novel conception was once proposed comet or meteor struck the Earth sixty five million years in the past, wiping out the dinosaurs and 70 percentage of all different species. "Night involves the Cretaceous" is the 1st complete and target account of the way this terrific thought has replaced the process technological know-how.
In 1801, the 1st whole mastodon skeleton was once excavated within the Hudson River Valley, marking the climax of a century-long debate in the United States and Europe over the identification of a mysterious creature referred to as the yankee Incognitum. lengthy sooner than the dinosaurs have been found and the concept of geological time bought forex, many voters of the hot republic believed this legendary beast to be a ferocious carnivore, in a position to crushing deer and elk in its ''monstrous grinders.
"An the world over dispensed sequence of monographs and memoirs in paleontology and stratigraphy. " summary: "An the world over allotted sequence of monographs and memoirs in paleontology and stratigraphy. "
- The Garden of Ediacara
- The Great Basin: A Natural Prehistory (Revised and Expanded Edition)
- History of geology and paleontology
- Azokh Cave and the Transcaucasian Corridor
- Events of Increased Biodiversity: Evolutionary Radiations in the Fossil Record
- Eugène Dubois and the Ape-Man from Java: The History of the First ‘Missing Link’ and Its Discoverer
Additional resources for A Gentleman and an Officer: A Social and Military History of James B. Griffin's Civil War
36 Antioch Church records concur that James Sr. was a stalwart of the congregation. As a deacon, he served on numerous committees, such as the 1838 committee to revise Antioch's constitution, and represented the church at Baptist Association meetings. He often investigated disputes and talked with members about their conduct. It was 33. For a discussion of religion in nineteenth-century Edgefield, see Burton, In My Father's House Are Many Mansions, 21-28. 34. 's stepmother, joined the Village Baptist Church in late 1827 and left in mid-1830 to join her husband at Antioch Baptist Church.
17. Burt's acreage was evenly divided between improved and unimproved land. His previous year's cotton crop—20 bales—was not large, but he had raised 80 hogs, 1200 bushels of corn and 1000 of oats. Of the eighty household heads who were fifty years of age in 1850, Burt was the eighth wealthiest. Burt Family, Leonardo Andrea Genealogical Collection, microfilm, roll 6, 45, SCL. 18. Edgefield Advertiser, 22 Feb. 1853; McClendon, Edgefield Marriage Records, 64. According to her gravestone in Calvary Cemetery, Fort Worth, Texas, Leila was born on 10 Oct.
Common ancestors showed up in the naming patterns of related branches on a family tree: Stanmore Butler, born before the Revolution, reappeared in the names of antebellum Lipscomb cousins, Stanmore Butler Brooks and Stanmore Butler Griffin. Griffin, who was named for his father and maternal grandfather, followed tradition in christening his own children. Each child had at least one name of an ancestor, and most had two. James William (Willie) was given the names of his father, uncle, grandfather, and great uncle.
A Gentleman and an Officer: A Social and Military History of James B. Griffin's Civil War by Judith N. McArthur